This document appears to be a draft legal document or indenture written by Henry Clay in his role as executor of the estate of Mr. Thomas Hart deceased. As executor he has apparently sold a parcel of Mr. Hart’s land holdings to a Mr. Hezekiah Shulds for seventy five dollars. An indenture is a legal contract reflecting a debt or purchase obligation, specifically referring to two types of practices: in historical usage, an indentured servant status, and in modern usage and the case here, an instrument used for commercial debt or real estate transaction., The Indenture made this 19th day of December, 1829 between Henry Clay serving executor of Thomas Hart Sen(ior?) deceased of the one part, being of the County of Fayette, and Hezekiah Shulds of the County of Fleming of the other part. Witnesseth?
that for and consideration of the sum of twenty five dollars to the said Clay paid, the receipt where of he doth hereby acknowledge, and in value of the last will and testament of the said Hart, the said Clay Both parted? bargained and sold unto
the said Hezekiah Shulds the following _____? or parcel of land containing Seventy five acres lying and being in the County of Fleming, and bounded as following, to wit:
Beginning at a blue ____? and sugar tree, corner of Joseph F. Farrow’s tract, then
south 97 poles to a white oak and dogwood, hence East 123 poles and seven tenths of a pole, to a red oak in the line of the north and east lots of Mosby’s survey of three thousand acres on Fox Creek, thence West 123 poles and seven tenths of a pole to the beginning which said tract is part of the survey of Mosby, with the appearances? To have and to hold the said tract of land with the appentices?, to the said Shulds his
heirs and assigns for ever: and the said Clay doth covenant and agree to and with the said Shulds that he will, to the extent of the Estate of the said Hart in his hands to be administraed? warrant and defend the right and title of the said land against any person claiming by this or under the said Hart of Clay: and that if it should be lost by any other better or superior claim, he will repay to the said Shulds his heirs or assigns the said sum of seventy five dollars, without interest, as a proportion there of equal to the land that may be lost.
In testimony where of the said Clay hath his unto set his hand and seal the day and year first mentioned.
Signed sealed and Delivered
In presence of _____ H. Clay surviving
Exec of the Hart Ten?
Melish accompanied his map of the region of St. Louis at the same time with glowing words for the city, the largest west of the Mississippi, with a reported census of 5000 inhabitants and 550 houses, “of which a great proportion were well constructed buildings of brick and stone.” He reported that St. Louis, “Standing near the confluence of such mighty streams, the produce of an almost immeasurable extent of back country must flow into it, and that country must be supplied from it, with merchandise.”, A geographical description of the United States, with the contiguous countries, including Mexico and the West Indies; intended as an accompaniment to Melish's map of these countries ... / by John Melish. Philadelphia : The author, 1822.
Buchon, Carez, and Beaupre. "Carte geographique, statistique et historique du Missouri." Paris: Carez, 1825 from those authors’ general atlas in French and essentially the same map as the Missouri map from "The Historical, Chronological and Geographical American Atlas." Philadelphia: Carey and Lea: 1823
In the time of the flatboats and the coming of the first steamboats documented so well through the early American navigational river guides, maps clearly indicated a future problem for St. Louis and its highly praised river harbor—the city was essentially on a peninsula which could become a remote island due to floods and other naturally occurring circumstances over time. The many islands and sand bars in the river were alarming testament in early maps.
An early European map showing the origin of all the major rivers in one high elevation, still strongly viewed as a possibility in the unexplored territories. The young United States, including Missouri and Arkansas, are outlined in yellow—“Missiri” is the territorial name, “Sn. Luis” is the name used for the state of Missouri. The Pacific Northwest is outlined in blue as “Colombia” and, again, most of the Louisiana Territory, as “Missiri, in red. By Pablo Alabern i Moles.
Collot’s maps of Louisiana were made in 1796 and were most likely planned for military intrigues and colonial conquest, but the work transcended its purpose in thoroughly documenting the earliest settlements of the Illinois Country. These plans were the most detailed to their time. Voyage dans l’Amerique Septentrionale ou Description des Pays arroses par le Mississipi, l’Ohio, le Missouri, et autres Rivieres Affluentes &c. Paris: Bertrand, 1826. Scale of 200 Fathoms., From Collot's work "Voyages dans l'Amérique Septentrionale, ou Description des pays arrosés par le Mississippi, l'Ohio, le Missouri et autres rivières affluentes..." Published in Paris by A. Bertrand, 1826.
The Belle Creole was built in 1823 at Cincinnati, Ohio. Her home port was New Orleans and she was a New Orleans-Bends packet. Captain Champremere was her master. She foundered and sank in 1829. This photograph was reproduced from an old sketch made at New Orleans, Louisiana.
Beck came to St. Louis briefly and practiced medicine. Returning to New York he produced a series of guides and gazetteer information, including this first for Illinois and Missouri., A gazetteer of the states of Illinois and Missouri : containing a general view of each state, a general view of their counties, and a particular description of their towns, villages, rivers, &c., &c. : with a map, and other engravings / by Lewis C. Beck. Albany : Printed by C.R. and G. Webster, 1823.
In the time of the flatboats and the coming of the first steamboats documented so well through the early American navigational river guides, maps clearly indicated a future problem for St. Louis and its highly praised river harbor—the city was essentially on a peninsula which could become a remote island due to floods and other naturally occurring circumstances over time. The many islands and sand bars in the river were alarming testament in early maps., The western pilot : containing charts of the Ohio River, and of the Mississippi from the mouth of the Missouri to the Gulf of Mexico, accompanied with directions for navigating the same, and a description of the towns on their banks, tributary streams, etc. Also, a variety of matter interesting to all who are concerned in the navigation of those rivers / by Samuel Cumings. Cincinnati : Morgan, Lodge and Fisher, printers, 1825.
1826 map of the State of Missouri, with counties, mountains, towns and rivers included. Arkansas Territory is also mapped out similarly. Native American villages are noted to the west of Missouri., From: A new American atlas designed principally to illustrate the geography of the United States of North America, in which every country in each state and territory of the Union is accurately delineated, as far as at present known : the whole compiled from the latest and most authentic information. / A. Finley
Collot’s maps of Louisiana were made in 1796 and were most likely planned for military intrigues and colonial conquest, but the work transcended its purpose in thoroughly documenting the earliest settlements of the Illinois Country. These plans were the most detailed to their time., From Collot's work "Voyages dans l'Amérique Septentrionale, ou Description des pays arrosés par le Mississippi, l'Ohio, le Missouri et autres rivières affluentes..." Published in Paris by A. Bertrand, 1826.
The Saint Louis Lyceum was a public forum for lectures and debates in early St. Louis. It was founded in 1838 in the spirit of the Lyceum Movement, a national effort towards self-improvement and community led education for adults. It maintained and built upon the library of the city's first subscription library, the St. Louis Library Association, which was founded in the early 1820s. The Lyceum overlapped in activities and collections with the Young Men's Lyceum and the Mechanics' Institute of St. Louis. The archives and books of these early libraries were bought by the Mercantile Library in the early 1850s, and became a cornerstone bibliographic collection at the Mercantile. This collection was reassembled from the stacks of the Mercantile through study of the original accession records concerning the acquisition in 1851.
The larger collection consists of approximately 500 printed books and pamphlets from this early book collection, some with association annotations, original ownership marks, or bookplates. Most of the scanned materials relate to the week to week meeting minutes, circulation records, and founding documents.
Historically, the Mercantile Library had several bound volumes of "Baptist Pamphlets" which were initially part of John Mason Peck's library but catalogued together under one call number. These volumes have been disbound and each pamphlet put in a separate, non-acidic enclosure. A number has been added to an alphabetical arrangement. The list is roughly arranged alphabetically by the first important word of the Church, benevolent Society, or other organization's title or name concerned.